5 Risks That Can Ruin Your Retirement

5 Risks That Can Ruin Your Retirement

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No one said retiring was easy. The Employees Provident Fund (EPF) revealed that more than 60% of its members do not have sufficient savings to call it quits and that 1 in 3 Malaysians do not have a savings account.

In fact, EPF revealed that most have not saved enough to last them more than five years after leaving the working world.

That does not mean the future is bleak. With some simple financial manoeuvres, you can save enough to live through retirement.

But while you are at it, you might want to consider these 5 risks that can run your retirement:

Medical costs

In Malaysia, the medical inflation rate, which is the increase of medical costs, is between 10% and 15% every year.

The problem with health matters is that they do not discriminate between age and gender, meaning those with an active lifestyle could also suffer from an unexpected, life-threatening disease.

Top 2 killer diseases in Malaysia*
Est. current charges (RM):
Est. cost in 20 years (RM):
Stroke
35,000 - 75,000
235,000 - 505,000
Heart attack
10,000 - 30,000
67,000 - 202,000
*Source: World Health Organization, The Star

 

Worse, post-treatment care is not cheap either. For example, if someone survives a stroke, he or she will need some form of long-term assistance.

Rehabilitation or palliative care inclusive of private room, nurses and in-houses doctorsCost per year (conservative estimate)
RM5,000 x 12 = RM60,000

Overall cost with an estimated life expectancy of 5 years + 10% inflation p.a.
= RM396,963
Medical treatment for stroke + 5-year careRM471,963

To avoid depleting your retirement fund, your best bet is getting adequate medical insurance coverage early. Include the increasing cost of medical insurance in your financial and retirement planning, as the older you get, the costlier the premium will be.

Unmitigated high-risk investments

A high-risk investment is defined as one where there is a large percentage chance of loss of capital or underperformance. These include, among others, currency trading, REITs, high yield bonds and initial public offerings.

Scenario: John turned 60 in 2011 and decided to invest in the RHB Equity Fund, a high-risk unit trust. But today, after five years, he wants to sell it.
Purchase price:RM0.6917*
Selling price: RM0.3765**
Total investment: RM10,000 or 14,457
Sold: RM10,000 or 26,560
As John invested in a volatile fund, he lost RM4,557 in just 5 years and this doesn’t include the various investment charges incurred.
Balance in Account 2: RM39,150
*Price on November 18, 2011.
*Price on November 16, 2016.

Your best bet is a low-cost, appropriately risked retirement asset allocation that includes a basket of investments. An example of a moderately conservative portfolio would be something like this:

The most important part of asset allocation is regular tweaking according to your changing risk tolerance. The older we get, the lesser risk we can withhold. This should always be reflected in your investment portfolio.

Unsettled debts

Asian Institute of Finance (AIF), in a study of 1,000 professionals aged between 20 and 33, found many of them live beyond their means. Majority of its respondents live on credit, with 38% taking personal loans and 47% living on high-interest-rate credit cards. Only 28% claim to know how to manage their finances.

The study went on to find that 75% of respondents have at least one source of long-term debt such as car loan, education loan or mortgage, while 70% own credit cards and tend to pay the minimum monthly payment with 45% failing to pay off debts on time.

Say, John Doe has a credit card debt of RM10,000 and let’s assume the interest rate is 15% per annum, that means his debt costs RM3,158 in interest over 6 years and 11 months, if he only pays the minimum payment every month.

While this sum may seem like nothing if you are young and still pulling a steady pay cheque, but those nearing retirement should consider whether they will be able to make such a debt payment on just their retirement fund.

Without a pay cheque, it’ll get much harder to make lump sum payments to reduce debts so it’s essential that you reduce your interest fees as much as possible before you hit retirement.

Long-term care

Retirees may need to change from living on their own to other forms of housing, such as assisted living, which combines care with housing, and independent living.

Even if a retiree is fit health-wise, it is advised to have the savings for at least one year’s stay at a nursing home. These fees are rarely covered under a medical insurance plan so you’ll need to budget for them on your own.

Multiple-sharing room
RM2,500 x 12
RM30,000
Diapers
RM300 x 12
RM3,600
Medical check-up at a private hospitalRM1,500
Medication & supplements
RM150 x 12 months
RM1,800
Annual premium for medical insuranceRM3,500
TotalRM40,400

Doling out that much for one year is a lot. A conservative estimate for five years, excluding medical expenses and such, would set you back RM202,000.

Children’s tertiary education

For the average middle-income middle-aged parent, this is a ubiquitous problem: just as you are catching your stride in your career and begin to make up lost ground funding your retirement, you get walloped by college costs.

Malaysia has been ranked the fifth most expensive country to get a university education in relation to household income. Average working parents in Malaysia spend 55% of their salaries on each child to complete tertiary education, said business-to-business marketplace Expert Market.

For example, 30-year-old Ahmad plans to send his daughter to a local university or college in 20 years’ time and he intends on dipping his hands into his Account 2 to fund the entire four years.

Here’s how much he will have in his Account 2 then:

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His daughter plans on doing medicine, which is a popular choice, at a private university. That would set him back anywhere from RM250,000 to RM333,000.

This leaves only RM33,700 in his Account 2 after the withdrawal of RM333,000, which means only RM889,500 left in his EPF savings.

If Ahmad continues to work till 60, here’s how much he will have saved up in his EPF account by the time he retires:

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Based on the general rule of thumb, he would need RM2,708,300 to live till 75 years old.

But, after eating into his Account 2 for his daughter’s education, he would be short of RM423,700 to live during retirement.

So, what next?

While you can’t game any financial market or predict the future, what you can do is prepare yourself for any unforeseen consequences.

One way of doing this is to bloat your EPF account by using investing a certain percentage of your savings in unit trusts through the EPF Members Investment Scheme (EPF-MIS).

The EPF-MIS allows EPF members to withdraw a certain amount of money from Account 1 and invest them into selected funds provided the Basic Savings in Account 1 is met.

Calculation sample of permitted investment:

Member’s Age: 30 years
Total Savings in Account 1 RM29,000
Basic Savings at 30 years oldRM39,000
Savings in Account 1 that exceeds Basic Savings RM10,000
Amount eligible for investment under the
Member’s Investment Scheme (MIS) is:
30% x RM10,000 = RM3,000
RM3,000
Note: Minimum amount of RM1,000 in order to be eligible for EPF-MIS

 

If you are young, then consider a moderately aggressive investment portfolio where you can still afford to make up for lost money through your monthly salary.

If you are nearing retirement, look at low-risk funds and a portfolio that is between conservative to moderately conservative. Your best bet is keeping your portfolio diversified.

Ultimately, service your debts and clear them as quickly as possible. It would not be an easy task to clear even that credit card debt when all you have is your pension to live on.

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