10 Things To Consider Before You Hit Retirement
You have been working your whole life, saving for your retirement. Most of us have millions of ideas about what it’ll be like when it finally comes to the moment where we break away from the 9-to-5 rut. However, with a few more years to go before the day finally arrives, it’s time to take serious action, and get things in order for your golden years ahead.
Most of us would want to achieve financial freedom by then and having not to worry about money any further. To ensure everything is in order when your last conventional pay cheque comes your way, here are 10 things you need to do:
1. Decide on your goal
Many a times when we plan for our retirement, we don’t have a clear picture of how we really want to retire. Do we want to retire at a small and quiet village, outside of town, or perhaps stay in a small(ish) condominium in town, where everything is within walking distance?
By this time, with just a few years to your retirement, you should really have a clear idea whether you want to upsize or downsize your lifestyle post-employment.
The first question you ought to ask yourself is what you want after you retire. Travel around the world and eventually, retire at one of the Caribbean islands? Whatever your goal is, you need to align your retirement plan towards achieving it.
2. List down your obligations
Before embarking on your adventure after retirement, you should consider any financial obligations you may have that can adversely affect your finances after employment.
Do you still have dependents (parents or children) you have to support even after you retire? Will your child(ren) still be in college, with hefty tuition fees coming your way every few months?
How about your lifestyle? If you have planned for your retirement optimally, you should not have to downsize your lifestyle too much. The key word here is sustainability. You should have a clear idea of how much you need every month during your retirement, and how long your retirement fund will last.
3. Clear your debt
Ideally, you should have cleared all your debts before you hit retirement. By clearing your debts, you improve your net worth and credit rating which might be helpful should you need to take another loan in the future.
Credit card debts are usually the first priority to be cleared off due to its high interest rates, followed by personal loans and car loans. There has been an ongoing debate on whether home loans should be cleared off sooner than needed for the peace of mind of being debt-free. If you think paying off home loan last is a better idea, perhaps you should look into the option of refinancing your mortgage.
Currently, Malaysia’s base lending rate is at 6.85%. Comparing with the historical rates, it might seem to be a little high too high to refinance your mortgage. But consider this: after retirement, you’ll lose your primary source of income (for some, only source of income) and your ability to take up a new loan diminishes.
If you have to refinance your mortgage by then, banks might quote you a higher rate, require a guarantor, or simply reject your application. Perhaps it might be a good idea to lock in a fixed mortgage rate to avoid being exposed to interest rate volatility in times of economic uncertainty.
4. Preserve your assets
When we are still earning an income, we mostly focus on accumulating assets. However, when retirement hits you, more focus should be put on preserving your existing assets.
A person may own multiple properties and be worth millions of Ringgit, but he or she may not be able to even afford lunch! In finance, two terms arise: solvency is the ability to meet its long-term ( more than two years) financial obligations, and liquidity is the ability to meet short-term (less than two years) obligations by converting assets quickly into cash.
In other words, how we preserve our assets depends on our ability to sustain our short-term needs (daily expenses and outflow) without needing to liquidate (force sale) our assets. Consolidating your assets by consulting wealth management and financial planning advisories may be a good idea to have clearer view of your current financial health and have more control in monitoring and preserving your assets.
5. Create or update your will
To prevent your family from exploding into those family feuds infamously depicted in Hong Kong soap operas, updating your will (or create one if you don’t have one yet) is essential. Jokes aside, it is important to have estate planning so that you can be assured that your family is being taken care off in the manner of your preference.
Having a will doesn’t just ensure your hard-earned assets are distributed properly and rightfully, according to your wishes, it also helps your family go through the process quicker and with greater ease. Remember, avoid hassles by having different wills for assets in different countries and jurisdictions.
6. Review your investment portfolio
As you retire, you would require a substantial steady stream of income to replace your previous conventional income that takes care of your daily expenses and other obligations.
As result, your capacity or holding power of your investment is limited. Perhaps toning down your investment appetite from aggressive high capital growth equities to a more conservative and passive, dividend paying funds such as bonds or government securities might be a good idea. Reviewing your risk tolerance is essential to sustain good cash flow and preserve your assets.
Here are some financial mistakes you should avoid before you hit retirement.
7. Establish passive income
If the retirement you envisioned for yourself is one where you stop working completely, it becomes even more crucial for you to establish at least one source of passive income, which will be your new primary source of income.
As an alternative to your investments, you can also create another stream of income by working part-time or taking up freelance jobs. For those who have years of professional work experience, they can opt for consulting or an advisory role to other firms or institutions – this may not exactly be ‘passive’ but if it’s something you enjoy doing, it wont feel like a job for sure!
Setting up a mamak or a sundry shop as a small business might also be a good idea (seriously, mamaks rarely fail and typically have healthy profit margins).
The unfortunate thing with healthcare is that it becomes more expensive the older we get. Most people give up one their medical card due to the exorbitant price they have to pay — especially in view of the diminishing income after retirement.
Therefore, it is important for one to have a clear idea of their health and fitness level before they hit their golden years. Prevention is certainly better than cure.
Find out if you have any medical conditions that may require substantial amount of money to finance, especially when healthcare cost is escalating to the tune of 12% per annum. Maintain your medical card, review the policy to ensure it is adequate, then set up a budget for rainy days, that could include medical emergencies.
9. Withdraw your EPF
Should you withdraw everything or should you withdraw a set amount regularly? Prematurely withdrawing and depleting your EPF, even if you can, may bring adverse effect to your retirement savings. Unless you have a strong reason or solid financial plan to invest elsewhere that could potentially provide better returns, EPF should be remained untouched and used as a last resort as this will be retirement fund for the next 10 to 20 years.
If you don’t think your EPF savings enough is adequate to outlive your retirement years, you can consider withdrawing some of the money for selected investments.
10. Continue working
Retirement is really just a phase that everyone goes through. According to the Life After Work survey conducted by HSBC, 22% of Malaysians plan to semi-retire because they need to bridge an income shortfall.
Review your retirement savings before your retirement to have an understanding of whether you stand financially post-employment. Will you be able to live comfortably on that savings, or do you need to continue working to generate income for your golden years?
For some, the idea of not doing anything for next one to two decades may not be conceivable at all! However, the point is to plan for your retirement so semi-retirement is an option and not a means to survive.
We need to start retirement planning as early as possible in order to have a comfortable retirement in years to come. However, planning your retirement is not just about saving money religiously, but also about making the right decisions at the right time to boost your savings.
These 10 steps should be done just a few years before you retire. This will still give you some room to make up for any shortfalls.